Holeta Genet

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For the town in Jimma Zone, see Genet, Ethiopia.
Holeta Genet
Town
Holeta Genet is located in Ethiopia
Holeta Genet
Holeta Genet
Location within Ethiopia
Coordinates: 9°3′N 38°30′E / 9.050°N 38.500°E / 9.050; 38.500Coordinates: 9°3′N 38°30′E / 9.050°N 38.500°E / 9.050; 38.500
Country Ethiopia
Region Oromia
Zone Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Finfinne
Elevation 2,391 m (7,844 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 25,593
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Holeta Genet (also transliterated Oletta) is a town and separate woreda in central Ethiopia. Located in the Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Finfinne of the Oromia Region, it has a latitude and longitude of 9°3′N 38°30′E / 9.050°N 38.500°E / 9.050; 38.500 and an altitude of 2391 meters above sea level.

History

Holeta Gennet came into existence with the construction of the Addis Ababa - Addis Alem road, and houses in the latter town were dismantled and brought to this new settlement. It became the new "country retreat" for Emperor Menelik II and Empress Taytu Betul[1] According to Richard Pankhurst, when the couple were in residence, its population would mushroom from about 2,400 to as many as 15,000.[2] It was the first place in Ethiopia to have a permanent water mill, built in 1909 on the Holetta River.[3]

Holeta Genet is best known as the location of the Oletta Military Academy. Opened in January 1935, and staffed by five Swedish officers, the first class of 120 cadets did not complete their studies due to the Second Italian-Abyssinian War.[4] It was reopened once Emperor Haile Selassie returned to Ethiopia, and celebrated its 25th anniversary 20–30 April 1960.[3] After the murder of Hadush Araya on 14 February 1996, the academy was renamed for him. Hadush Araya was one of the military leaders of the Tigray People's Liberation Front.[5]

Economy

Like much of Ethiopia, the economy is mainly based on agriculture but industry is growing. Habesha Cement has announced that it is constructing a new cement plant within the city limits of Holeta.[6] The town hosts a research station of the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. Founded in 1963, this station is the national center for research to improve the yield of barley, highland oil crops, potatoes, and dairy products.[7]

Demographics

The 2007 national census reported a total population for Holeta Gennet of 25,593, of whom 12,605 were men and 12,988 were women. The majority of the inhabitants said they practised Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 73% of the population reporting they observed this belief, while 20.44% of the population were Protestant, and 5.43% were Muslim.[8]

According to the 1994 national census, this town has a population of 16,800. The 1994 census reported this town had a total population of 16,785 of whom 8,040 were males and 8,745 were females. It is the largest of three towns in Walmara woreda.

Notes

  1. ^ Chris Proutky, Empress Taytu and Menilek II: Ethiopia 1883-1910 (Trenton: The Red Sea Press, 1986), p. 244
  2. ^ Pankhurst, Richard K. P. (1968). Economic History of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University. p. 696. 
  3. ^ a b "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 18 November 2007)
  4. ^ Mockler, Anthony (2003) [1984]. Haile Selassie's War. New York: Olive Branch. pp. 49f. ISBN 1-56656-473-5. 
  5. ^ Gebru Tareke, The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa (New Haven: Yale University, 2009), p. 105
  6. ^ "Global Cement". [1]. Retrieved 15 June 2015.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  7. ^ EARI list of research centers (accessed 30 April 2009)
  8. ^ 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Oromia Region, Vol. 1, Tables 2.1, 2.5, 3.4 (accessed 13 January 2012)