Marshal of Italy
Marshal of Italy (Italian: Maresciallo d'Italia) was a rank in the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito). Originally created in 1924 by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini for the purpose of honoring Generals Luigi Cadorna and Armando Diaz, the rank was granted to several other general officers from 1926 to 1943. The rank was the highest in the Italian Army prior to the creation of the rank of First Marshal of the Empire in 1938. The rank of Marshal of Italy was abolished in 1946 with the creation of the Republic of Italy. The equivalent Royal Navy (Regia Marina) rank was Grand Admiral (Grande Ammiraglio), while the equivalent Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) rank was Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), all of them abolished for the Armed Forces of the Republic of Italy.
Marshals of Italy:
- Luigi Cadorna (November 4, 1924)
- Armando Diaz (November 4, 1924)
- Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (June 25, 1926)
- Pietro Badoglio (June 25, 1926)
- Enrico Caviglia (June 25, 1926)
- Gaetano Giardino (June 25, 1926)
- Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi (June 25, 1926)
- Emilio De Bono (November 16, 1935)
- Rodolfo Graziani (May 9, 1936)
- Ugo Cavallero (July 1, 1942)
- Ettore Bastico (August 12, 1942)
- Umberto II (October 29, 1942)
- Giovanni Messe (May 12, 1943)
- Marshal (Italy) – an intermediate rank between sergeants and officers.
- First Marshal of the Empire
- Italo Balbo – Marshal of the Air Force
- Paolo Thaon di Revel – Grand Admiral
- Page of the Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) home site - www.esercito.difesa.it.